ARTS

AVI1O Visual Arts – Open 0.5 Credit

This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CGC1D Geography of Canada – Academic 1 Credit
This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place in which to live.

CGC1P Geography of Canada – Applied 1 Credit

This course focuses on current geographic issues that affect Canadians. Students will draw on their personal and everyday experiences as they explore issues relating to food and water supplies, competing land uses, interactions with the natural environment, and other topics relevant to sustainable living in Canada. They will also develop an awareness that issues that affect their lives in Canada are interconnected with issues in other parts of the world. Throughout the course, students will use the concepts of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial technologies to guide and support their investigations.

ENGLISH

ENG1D English – Academic 1 Credit

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms.An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.

ENG1P English – Applied 1 Credit

This course is designed to develop the key oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for success in secondary school and daily life.Students will read, interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using appropriate strategies and processes to improve students’ comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college or workplace preparation courses Grades 11 and 12.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYIAD Hebrew Language – Level 1 1 Credit Academic

This course introduces students to language elements they will need to begin to communicate with native speakers. Students will participate in practical activities in which they can apply their knowledge and skills, and will begin to explore careers that require knowledge of the language of study. They will explore aspects of the culture of countries where the language under study is spoken, including social customs, music, and food, by participating in cultural events and activities involving both print and technological resources.

MATHEMATICS

MPM1D Principles of Mathematics 1 Credit

Academic

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

MFM1P Foundation of Mathematics 1 Credit

Applied

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

MAT1L Essential Mathematics 1 Credit

Locally Developed

This course provides students who have experienced significant difficulties in previous Mathematics courses an opportunity to obtain sufficient background skill development to prepare them for Grade 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation courses. Whenever possible, ideas will be presented in a real-life context, providing students with the opportunity to explore, organize, interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems. Technology and manipulative materials will be used wherever appropriate. Assessment and evaluation will be done using a wide variety of strategies.

FRENCH

FSF1D Core French – Academic 1 Credit

This course emphasizes the further development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills. Students will build on and apply their knowledge of French while exploring a variety of themes, such as relationships, social trends, and careers. Thematic readings, which include a selection of short stories, articles, and poems, will serve as stepping stones to oral and written activities.

GUIDANCE & CAREER EDUCATION

GLS1O Learning Strategies I – Open 1 Credit

This course focuses on learning strategies to help students become better, more independent learners. Students will learn how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal-management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace, and the community. The course helps students build confidence and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary school and beyond.

HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL1O Healthy Active Living Education – 0.5 Credit

Open

This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Students will learn movement skills and principles, ways to improve personal fitness and physical competence, and safety and injury prevention. They will investigate issues related to health and the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, and will participate in activities designed to develop goal-setting, communication, and social skills.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE13 Religious Studies – 1 Credit Locally Developed

This course provides an appreciation of Jewish thought and practice. The students must possess the ability to access texts in their original Hebrew language. They need to develop the necessary skills for understanding of these materials in terms of the present views of Jewish teachings as well as their literary niceties. The objective is to engender a deeper understanding of Judaism, and through it, an attachment of the student to their heritage. Religious study is basic to implementing the school’s mission statement, which is dedicated to “the transmission of Jewish religious and cultural tradition and an appreciation of them.” This course includes the study of issues in Judaism and Jewish philosophy, Biblical studies, and Jewish laws of Prayer and Blessings.

SCIENCE

SNC1D Science -Academic 1 Credit

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.

SNC1P Science -Applied 1 Credit

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday situations. They are also given opportunities to develop practical skills related to scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into practical problems and issues related to the impact of human activity on ecosystems; the structure and properties of elements and compounds; space exploration and the components of the universe; and static and current electricity.

ARTS

AVI2O Visual Arts – Open 0.5 Credit

This course enables students to develop their skills in producing and presenting art by introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic exploration and experimentation. Students will apply the elements and principles of design when exploring the creative process. Students will use the critical analysis process to reflect on and interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BTT2O Introduction to Information 1 Credit

Technology in Business – Open

This course introduces students to information and communication technology in a business environment and builds a foundation of digital literacy skills necessary for success in a technologically driven society. Students will develop word processing, spreadsheet, database, desktop publishing, presentation software, and website design skills. Throughout the course, there is an emphasis on digital literacy, effective electronic research and communication skills, and current issues related to the impact of information and communication technology.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CHV2O Civics – Open 0.5 Credit

This course focuses on the major events and issues in world history from 1900 to the present. Students will investigate the causes and effects of global and regional conflicts and the response of individuals and governments to social, economic, and political changes. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to formulate and test points of view, draw conclusions, and present their findings about the challenges that have faced and continue to face people in various parts of the world.

GUIDANCE AND CAREER EDUCATION

GLC2O Career Studies – Open 0.5 Credit

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan.

HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL2O Healthy Active Living 0.5 Credit

Education – Open

This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness, and health; examination of issues related to health, healthy eating, substance use and abuse; and the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYIBD Hebrew Language – Level 2 1 Credit Academic

Prerequisite: LYIAD, Hebrew Language, Grade 9, Level I, Academic

This course provides students with opportunities to further develop their oral communication skills in the language of study, increase their confidence in using the language in practical situations, and continue to investigate related career opportunities. Students will be involved in activities that promote the use of the language in real-life situations. They will also continue their exploration of the culture of countries where the language under study is spoken.

Although students will continue to expand their vocabulary and repertoire of language structures, the language they will use at this level will still be simple.

SCIENCE

SNC2D Academic 1 Credit

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid-base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

SNC2P Academic 1 Credit

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CHC2D Canadian History since World War I 1 Credit

Academic

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.

ENGLISH

ENG2D English – Academic 1 Credit

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course is designed to develop the key oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will read, interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using appropriate strategies and processes to improve students’ comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college, or workplace preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.

ENG2P English – Applied 1 Credit

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course is designed to develop the key oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will read, interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using appropriate strategies and processes to improve students’ comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college, or workplace preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.

MATHEMATICS

MFM2P Foundations of Mathematics 1 Credit

Applied

Prerequisite: Grade 9, Mathematics, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

MPM2D Principles of Mathematics 1 Credit

Academic

Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE23 Religious Studies – Locally Developed 1 Credit

This course provides an extensive appreciation of Jewish theology and religious laws. The students have gained access to texts in their original Hebrew language and have developed rudimentary literary skills. The objective in Grade 10 is to further their understanding or Judaism through extensive study of their heritage. ` Religious study is basic to implementing the school’s mission statement, which is dedicated to “the transmission of Jewish religious and cultural tradition and an appreciation of them.” In this grade students are given more sophisticated tools of grammar, medieval philosophic works and intensive training in Jewish biblical analysis. This course includes the study of issues in Judaism and Jewish Philosophy, advanced biblical studies, and Jewish laws of food and Kashrus.

ARTS

AVI3M Visual Arts 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics, information design).

MATHEMATICS

MBF3C Foundations for College Mathematics1Credit
College Preparation
Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.

MCR3U Functions 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics,Grade10, Academic

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

MCF3M Functions and Applications 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. it focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

SCIENCE

SBI3U Biology 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.

SBI3C Biology 1 Credit

A College Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course focuses on the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, genetics, the anatomy of mammals, and the structure of plants and their role in the natural environment. Emphasis will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

SCH3U Chemistry 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behavior of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

SPH3U Physics 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

ENGLISH

ENG3U English University Preparation 1 Credit

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course.

EPS30 Presentation and Speaking Skills 1 Credit
Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations.

HEALTH AN PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL3O Healthy Active Living Education 0.5 Credit

Open

This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will be encouraged to develop personal competence in a variety of movement skills and will be given opportunities to practise goal-setting, decision-making, social, and interpersonal skills. Students will also study the components of healthy relationships, mental health, and personal safety.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BTA30 Information and Communication Technology:

Prerequisite: None

The Digital Environment 1Credit

This course prepares students for the digital environment. Using a hands-on approach, students will further develop information and communication technology skills through the use of common business software applications. The concept and operation of e-business will be explored, and students will design and create an e-business website. The skills developed in this course will prepare students for success in the workplace and/or postsecondary studies.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYICU Hebrew Language – Level 3 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: LYIBD, Grade 10, Level II, Academic

This course offers students opportunities to further develop their knowledge of the international language and to enhance their communication skills. Students will use increasingly sophisticated language in a variety of activities that will enable them to speak and write with clarity and accuracy. Students will also enhance their thinking skills through the critical study of literature, and continue to explore aspects of the culture of countries where the language is spoken through a variety of print and technological resources.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE33 Religious Studies 1 Credit

Locally Developed

This course provides a deeper understanding of Judaism, and through it, an attachment of the student to their heritage through a thorough study of biblical analysis, legal codes and rituals, historical inquiry, philosophical appreciation and ethical studies. This course will teach students to appreciate and partake in the history, culture, rituals and traditions of Jewish life. Religious study is basic to implementing the school’s mission statement, which is dedicated to “the transmission of Jewish religious and cultural tradition and an appreciation of them.” This course includes the study of Judaism and Jewish philosophy, advanced Biblical studies, Jewish laws of food and Kashrus, and the introduction to Jewish History.

SOCIAL SCIENCES & HUMANITIES

HHG4M Issues in Human Growth & Dev. 1 Credit

University/ College Preparation

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and World Sciences.

This course offers a multidisciplinary approach to the study of human development throughout the lifespan. Students will learn about a range of theoretical perspectives on human development. They will examine threats to healthy development as well as protective factors that promote resilience. Students will learn about physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development from the prenatal period through old age and will develop their research and inquiry skills by investigating issues related to human development.

ARTS

AVI4M Visual Arts 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts.

 

ENGLISH

ENG4U English 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.

EWC4U The Writer’s Craft 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyze models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.

HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL4O Healthy Active Living Education 0.5 Credit

Open

This course focuses on the development of a personalized approach to healthy active living through participation in a variety of sports and recreational activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will develop and implement personal physical fitness plans. In addition, they will be given opportunities to refine their decision-making, conflict-resolution, and interpersonal skills, with a view to enhancing their mental health and their relationships with others.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYHCU Hebrew Language Level 4 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: LYICU, Hebrew Language, Level III, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course prepares students for university studies in the international language. Students will enhance their ability to use the language with clarity and precision, and will develop the language skills needed to engage in sustained conversations and discussions, understand and evaluate information, read diverse materials for both study and pleasure, and write clearly and effectively. Students will also have opportunities to add to their knowledge of the culture of countries where the language is spoken through the use of community resources and computer technology.

MATHEMATICS

MHF4U Advanced Functions 1 Credit University Preparation

Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11 University Preparation, or Functions Grade 11, University/college Preparation

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.

MDM4U DATA MANAGEMENT 1 CREDIT
Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences,

MCV4U Calculus & Vectors 1 Credit University Preparation

Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11 University Preparation, or Functions Grade 11, University/college Preparation

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE4M Religion and Culture 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

This course is directed toward the clear identification of religious moral principles and the concrete application of these principles in the lives of students. The course proceeds from foundational beliefs rooted in scripture to an exploration of the principles that shape religious life. In the Family Life Education strand, students explore a variety of topics related to the themes of personhood and interpersonal relationships. Special attention is given to the interaction between religion and culture. The modern world is characterized by a multiplicity of values, philosophies, and ideologies. In a democratic, pluralistic society, these concepts may creatively reinforce one another or they may compete with and contradict one another. Religious moral life involves following religious teachings, believing in God’s continuing involvement in human affairs, and striving to build exemplary homes and communities. This course is intended to prepare the senior student for this lifelong task.

SCIENCE

SBI4U Biology University Preparation 1 Credit

Prerequisite: Biology Grade 11,University Preparation
This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.

SCH4U Chemistry 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

SPH4U Physics 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Physics, Grade11, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

SOCIAL SCIENCES & HUMANITIES

HFA4M The Food & Nutrition Sciences 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

This course examines various nutritional, psychological, social, cultural, and global factors that influence people’s food choices and customs. Students will learn about current Canadian and worldwide issues related to food, frameworks for making appropriate dietary choices, and food-preparation techniques. This course also refines students’ skills used in researching and investigating issues related to food and nutrition.

HHG4M ISSUES IN HUMAN GROWTH & DEV. 1 CREDIT
UNIVERSITY/ COLLEGE PREPARATION
Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and World Sciences

This course offers a multidisciplinary approach to the study of human development throughout the lifespan. Students will learn about a range of theoretical perspectives on human development. They will examine threats to healthy development as well as protective factors that promote resilience. Students will learn about physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development from the prenatal period through old age and will develop their research and inquiry skills by investigating issues related to human development.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BBB4M International Business Fundamentals 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management.

COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY

TGJ4M 1 Credit University/College Preparation

This course enables students to further develop media knowledge and skills while designing and producing projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. Students may work
in the areas of TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media.
Students will also expand their awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology, and will investigate career opportunities and challenges in a rapidly changing technological environment.

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Mrs. Aura Woznica has been teaching Nutrition and Health at Tiferes Bais Yaakov since 2011. She went to Michlelet Mevaseret Yerushalayim for a year after high school. Upon her return, she received a Bachelor of Applied Science in Nutrition and Food from Ryerson University.

Mrs. Sherri Wise has a BA in English and French Literature from Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, a Master’s in Education from OISE/U of T, and an MA in English from York University. She has taught English at the high school level since 1990 and served as General Studies Principal of Bnos Bais Yaakov from 2000 to 2005. She served as a Teaching Assistant at York for several years, teaching Writing and Shakespeare to undergraduates while working on her PhD. Mrs. Wise joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2013 and is delighted to be teaching two classes of Grades 10 and 12 English along with her roles as English Curriculum Leader and Senior Advisor.

Mrs. Shanie Warman joined the Tiferes Bais Yaakov staff in 2016. She taught and was a Rakezet at Michlalah Jerusalem College and Shaalvim for Women. She was the Assistant Director of Michlelet NCSY summer program. Mrs. Warman teaches Chumash, Biur Tefillah and Jewish History to various grades at Tiferes Bais Yaakov.

Mrs. Orly Turtel attended Michlalah Seminary in Israel prior to returning to Toronto and receiving a Bachelor of Science Degree from York University and a Masters in Jewish Education from the Azrieli Graduate School in Yeshiva University. Mrs. Turtel joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2008 and enjoys teaching Chumash and Navi subjects to her students.

Mrs. Shayne Train has been teaching Information Technology in Business (Computers) and Visual Art at Tiferes Bais Yaakov since September 2003. She is also the Coordinator of Educational Technology, a Curriculum Leader of Art, Computers and Physical Education and a member of the Professional Development Committee. Mrs. Train is a certified Art, English and Special Education educator and she also holds a diploma in Computer Programming. Tiferes Bais Yaakov awarded her a Teacher of Excellence Award in 2010 for her volunteer commitment to the school in the areas of Technology Integration, Faculty Professional Development and working with special needs students. Mrs. Train has developed the school’s Resource Wiki (website) as well as an online gallery to showcase student websites and art. Her particular areas of interest are Educational Technology, Differentiated Instruction and Art.

Miss Leah Sutton graduated from the Masters of Teaching program at the University of Toronto, with specializations in English and Drama. She has a passion for Shakespeare, and she wrote her Masters thesis on the Relevance of Shakespeare and his plays in the classroom. After graduating from CHAT, Miss Sutton completed her Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology, Literature, and Theatre at McGill University. In addition to teaching, she also loves theatre, and acts in plays and musicals around the city. She joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2017 teaching Grade 9 Geography and Grade 9 and 10 English. Previously, she has worked at Eitz Chaim, where she taught English and social studies, and Bialik Hebrew Day School.

Miss Aliza Silverberg graduated from York University in 2016 with a BA in History and a Bachelors of Education. She is certified in the Junior, Intermediate and Senior divisions, with teachable subjects in History and Social Sciences. Miss Silverberg joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2017 teaching Grade 9 English.

Mrs. Shani Sherman graduated with Honours from Prospect Park Bnos Leah High School, attended Darchei Binah Seminary in Israel, and then Queens College studying Nutrition/Dietetics. She started at Tiferes Bais Yaakov as a tutor in 2008 and began teaching Biology to Grade 11 and Chemistry to Grade 12 in 2010. Along with her time at Tiferes Bais Yaakov she also teaches the Bat Mitzvah program at Ahavat Yisrael Hebrew School, and has been tutoring since high school.

Mrs. Ruti Schochet has been teaching Chumash since 2011 at Tiferes Bais Yaakov. She is originally from Argentina and received her BA in Education from Michlelet Beth Rivka in Eretz Yisroel. Ruti has been teaching for over 16 years primarily in high school grades, first in Israel and then in Toronto.

Mrs. Fraidy Schachter joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2017 teaching Grade 12 Functions, Calculus, and Chemistry. She has previous experience teaching Math and Science in Bais Yaakov High School and Beis Chomesh. Mrs. Schachter earned her Masters degree in Physics, Thesis: Quantam Mechanics from Hunter College, Bachelor of Science (Chemistry) from York University and a BA in Chemistry from Stern College Yeshiva University. With a solid background in mathematics and sciences, she develops in her students an appreciation for the material and how it explains the world around them. She prepares them for university with an introduction to higher level mathematical and scientific inquiry and communication.

Mrs. Racheli Rudner is an experienced Navi teacher and sought after speaker in our community. Her certification, Bachelor’s Degree and teacher training took place in Yavneh Teacher’s Seminary in Cleveland, Ohio. She then taught Navi, Chumash and Hashkafa in Hanna Sacks Bais Yaakov High School in Chicago. This was followed by five years of teaching in numerous seminaries in Israel. We are privileged to have Mrs. Rudner as part of our Limudei Kodesh staff since 2007.

Mrs. Adina Ribacoff is currently the Limudei Kodesh Principal at Tiferes Bais Yaakov and has been with the school since September 2005. Mrs. Ribacoff develops the Jewish Studies Curriculum and oversees its implementation on a day-to-day basis. She focuses on instilling and developing in the girls a positive spiritual and religious connection. Mrs. Ribacoff teaches Chumash and Kesuvim to Grade 12 and gives the girls the tools to build a proper foundation for their future homes. During the summer of 2013, Mrs. Ribacoff studied at the Harvard Graduate School of Education Principals’ Center. Mrs. Ribacoff lectures to women in the US and Canada on various topics and gives parenting and Shalom Bayis workshops. Her daughter Kimchit graduated from Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2013.

Born in France, Rabbi Pinto earned his Baccalaureate Degree from Eshel Yeshiva in France. He went on to study in Telshe Yeshiva, Cleveland; in Heichal HaTorah Yeshiva in Yerushalayim, and in Beth Medrash Govoha in Lakewood. Upon moving to Toronto in 2002, Rabbi Pinto attended Kollel Yismach Moshe for 5 years. He has served as the Rabbi of Magen David Sephardic Congregation for over 4 years. In 2013, Rabbi Pinto became a Rebbe at Bircas Shmuel Yeshiva. In 2016, he joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov teaching Halacha to Grade 10.

Mrs. Ruty Pinto has been with Tiferes Bais Yaakov since 2011 and has really enjoyed teaching here. Born in France, Mrs. Pinto earned her Baccalaureate Degree from Tomer Devorah, France and then went on to study for three years in the Jewish Teachers Training College at Gateshead Seminary in England. Concurrently with her teacher’s training, Mrs. Pinto studied by correspondence through the University of Nancy, France and earned her DEUG in Linguistic English. Presently, Mrs. Pinto teaches Safa at Tiferes Bais Yaakov to Grades 9 and 12, while teaching French to Grades 7 and 8 at Bais Chinuch L’Bonos.

Mrs. Polina Nagla graduated from York University in 2008 with a BEd, BA Honours in Art History. She has worked for the TDSB since 2009 as an Occasional and Long Term Occasional teacher. Her teachable subjects include: Social Sciences (History, Family Studies, Law, Civics, etc.), Visual Arts, ESL, Special Ed., Library, and OSSLT Prep. Mrs. Nagla joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2014. She is currently teaching: Grade 9 English, Grade 9 Learning Strategies, Grade 10 History, Grade 10 Civics, and Grade 11 History. She is very involved in the Thornhill Woods community as the Sisterhood President at the Thornhill Woods Shul. She also led a JWRP mission to Israel in 2012.

Mrs. Talia Nacson is an alumnus of TBY and joined as a staff member in 2016. She teaches Grade 9 Art and Grade 10 Applied Science. While completing a honours Bsc. in biology from York University, Mrs. Nacson has pursued further artistic training and has explored art education through her course in educational psychology. She has also received training in Supplemental Instruction (SI) through York university and has facilitated very successful SI programs for first and second year biology courses at York. Mrs. Nacson has taught Biology at Talpiot College and is a teacher for NCSY’s Torah High and an art teacher at Eitz Chaim Spring Farm.

Miss Ariella Morel is currently completing her Master’s in Education from York University. She has a BA in Mathematics, a Bachelors of Education, I/S Division, and a Jewish Studies Certificate all from York University. Miss Morel is a 2007 graduate of Tiferes Bais Yaakov and joined the staff in 2012 and teaches Grades 9 and 10 Mathematics.

Mrs. Diana Melnick has been teaching at Tiferes Bais Yaakov since 2002. She received her “Morah L’Golah” teaching certificate from Midreshet HaRovah in 1999 and then completed her Honours BA at York University in Sociology and Mass Communication, followed by a Montessori Teacher’s Accreditation Certificate. Over the years at Tiferes Bais Yaakov, she has taught Chumash, Navi, Bekius, Halacha, and Safa. Mrs. Melnick developed the Davening Workshop Program together with Rabbi Leib Kelemen from Yerushalayim, which has been running at Tiferes Bais Yaakov for the past few years.

Miss Sarah Marmorstein joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2017 teaching Grade 9 and 10 Science. She has experience teaching Biology, Geography, Math and Science in Bais Chomesh and Bais Yaakov Elementary School. She received her BA in Science and is currently working on an MA in clinical counseling.

Mrs. Shira Lipner attended Michlelet Orot before receiving her Undergraduate Degree in Psychology from York University and her Masters in Child Study and Education from OISE/U of T. Mrs. Lipner taught at Associated Hebrew Schools before beginning her career at Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2003. She enjoys teaching Chumash, Biur Tefillah, Navi, and Halichos Bas Yisrael to different grades, as well as creating a monthly Yom Iyun for the entire school.

Mrs. Rusi Lifshitz joined Tiferes in 2016 as a Grade 11 Chemistry teacher. She has a Hon. BSc from Your University and a Major in Biology. She received her teachers certification from Michlalah Yerushalayim. Mrs. Lifshitz has previously taught Math, Science, Biology and Biochemistry in other schools.

Mrs. Lynn Lichtenstein is the Head of the Remedial Department at Tiferes Bais Yaakov. Mrs. Lichtenstein also serves as Parent/Student Liaison to help ensure open lines of communication for any concerns our parents or students may have. She is available to implement the Special Needs Policies and to support students needing assistance in time management and organization of schoolwork. As one of our Special Education Coordinators, Mrs. Lichtenstein accommodates or modifies course work whenever required, creates individualized programs and is there to listen whenever a student needs her. She is available to all students, not only to those with identified learning needs. Mrs. Lichtenstein has been at Tiferes Bais Yaakov since 2008 and has added Guidance to her many roles. Mrs. Lichtenstein is a member of the Professional Development Committee. She has degrees from York University and from OISE/U of T in Special Education. Mrs. Lichtenstein taught in many schools in Toronto including Eitz Chaim, Bnei Akiva Schools, Bais Yaakov Elementary, and WillowWood before coming to Tiferes Bais Yaakov. Her daughter Shira graduated from Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2011.

Mrs. Tania Lebenfish joined Tiferes in 2017 as a Grade 12 Business studies teacher. She has a Bachelors of Arts and a Bachelors of Education from York University. Mrs. Lebenfish has previously taught Business courses in other schools.

Rabbi Chaim Dovid Kulik was born in Brooklyn, New York and learned in Mir Yeshiva, Flatbush, in Brisk Yeshiva, Yerushalayim, and in Beth Medrash Govoha, Lakewood, New Jersey. Upon moving to Toronto, Rabbi Kulik learned for fifteen years in Kollel under the tutelage of HaRav Shlomo Miller. He has been teaching and lecturing on many Judaic topics to both adults and children, as well as being a practising congregational Rabbi for many years. Rabbi Kulik’s career at Tiferes Bais Yaakov began in 2012 and he has taught Halacha to Grades 11-12, Chumash and Parsha to Grade 9, and Jewish History to Grade 12.

Mrs. Natalie Katz joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2007. She currently teaches Grades 11 and 12 Physics and Grade 11 Math. Prior to joining Tiferes Bais Yaakov, Mrs. Katz was an Executive Assistant at Zareinu, and worked for IBM Canada in their Software Development Team and in Services and Training. Mrs. Katz has a Bachelor of Science Degree with a Major in Software Engineering and Computer Science. In addition to her teaching role, Mrs. Katz works in the Finance Office at Tiferes Bais Yaakov.

Mrs. Tamar Juda is an alumnus of Tiferes Bais Yaakov (2008) and feels privileged to be returning to her alma mater as a math teacher. After graduating with a Bachelors of Science from Charter Oak College, she completed the Junior/ Intermediate Bachelors of Education program at Western University, with a special focus on mathematics. As a Grade 9 math teacher, she takes responsibility for teaching the Grade 9 Applied Math Ontario Curriculum.

Mrs. Ofra Gemara has taught for the past 35 years in Israel and Canada. She joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2015 teaching Navi to Grade 9 and Kesuvim to Grade 11. She studied at Orot Elkana Collage in Israel. Mrs. Gemara holds a teaching certificate for teaching Jewish studies and English at the secondary level from the Ministry of Education in Israel, and holds a B.Ed from Orot Israel College.

Mrs. Randyl Gavert joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2012 as a Grade 9 English teacher. Prior to becoming a teacher she worked in publishing for several years as a managing editor for Bantam Doubleday Dell, as well as being an ESL teacher. Mrs. Gavert graduated from Stern College with a BA in English. Two of her daughters are graduates of Tiferes Bais Yaakov.

Miss Gabi Froom is an alumna of TBY and joined as a staff member in 2017. She attended Bnos Sarah Teacher’s Seminary where she received her Teachers Certificate. Currently she is completing her BA in Psychology with a concentration in Education. Miss Froom runs the Chessed programs in school, teaches Grade 11 Workplace Math, Grade 9 Halacha, Alt. Ed and SST classes.

Mrs. Shayna Friedman is a Remedial Department Coordinator. She is available to implement our Special Needs Policies and to support students needing assistance in time management and organization of schoolwork. Mrs. Friedman acts as a Special Education Coordinator, making herself available to all students. Mrs. Friedman has been with the school since 2004, starting out as a tutor and providing assistance on exams. She then assumed her current position as Special Education Coordinator in 2006. Mrs. Friedman brings with her a Bachelor of Commerce in Computers from McGill University and previous experience teaching Computers to adults and to high school students. She then earned a Masters of Education from York University and Additional Qualifications in Special Education. Mrs. Friedman is a member of the Professional Development Committee.

Miss Batya Feigenbaum is the Special Programs Coordinator, assisting and implementing extracurricular programs and student activities at Tiferes Bais Yaakov. She also produces and directs the biennial Tiferes Bais Yaakov original school production. Miss Feigenbaum teaches Bekius – General Torah Knowledge and focuses on the spiritual and religious development of the Tiferes girls. Miss Feigenbaum is a graduate of Me’ohr Bais Yaakov Teachers Seminary in Yerushalayim, and started working at Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2004.

Mrs. Rita Drutz has been teaching Careers, Geography, History and Math at Tiferes Bais Yaakov since 2000 as well as being the Social Science Curriculum Leader. In 2014, she accepted the position of General Studies Vice Principal. Throughout her teaching career, Mrs. Drutz has had the opportunity to teach both mothers and daughters of the Tiferes Bais Yaakov community. Prior to working at Tiferes Bais Yaakov, Mrs. Drutz taught Physical Education and Mathematics at Bais Yaakov High School from 1977-1980. She has an Honours BA in Physical and Health Education and a concurrent Bachelor’s Degree in Education from York University.

Dr. Jeremy Burt obtained his Bachelor of Science from Michigan Technological University in Houghton, Michigan, and his Ph.D. in Molecular and Cellular Biology from the University of California in Berkeley, where he spent 5 years working as a Postdoctoral Fellow in the fields of Toxicology and Genomics. Dr. Burt has been teaching Grade 10 Science, Grades 11 and 12 Biology, Grade 11 Chemistry and Grade 11 Information and Communication Technology since 2013. Dr. Burt is also the Science Curriculum Leader. Dr. Burt has B.Ed. qualifications from the Ontario Institute of Studies in Education (OISE), in Chemistry and Biology.

Mrs. Doris Bistricer is a native of Uruguay. She moved to Toronto in 1971 and attended Eitz Chaim Schools and subsequently, Bais Yaakov High School. After graduating from Michlalah Jerusalem College for Women with a degree in Pedagogy, she taught Grade 4 at Eitz Chaim and attended York University. She has been teaching at Tiferes Bais Yaakov, first Safa and then Navi, since the school’s inception in September 2000.

Mrs. Chayala Bistricer has been teaching at Tiferes Bais Yaakov since 2008 and teaches Navi to Grades 11 and 12, as well as Grade 12 Jewish History. After graduating from Torah Academy for Girls in Far Rockaway, New York, she went to Bnos Chava Seminary where she was trained and received a Teacher’s Diploma. From there, Mrs. Bistricer went to Touro College where she completed a BA in Psychology with a concentration in Education.

Rabbi Yaakov Bell attended Gateshead Yeshiva in England for three years, followed by two years of study in Israel. Upon his return to London, he received a scholarship to Jews College, headed by chief Rabbi Dr. Jonathan Sacks, and began working on his degree in Jewish Studies while teaching part-time at his former school, Hasmonean. He received his BA from Jews College and then moved to Toronto where he became a mortgage broker. However, his desire to teach was compelling and he accepted a part-time position at Netivot Hatorah where he taught for almost 10 years. At the inception of Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2000, Rabbi Bell was invited to teach Halacha and has been with the school ever since.

Mrs. Chaya Avramson joined Tiferes Bais Yaakov in 2016 as a teacher of Grades 11 and 12 Mathematics. Prior to this she taught high school mathematics for 15 years in Alberta. Mrs. Avramson holds a BEd in Mathematics, a BSc in Biological Sciences and a RN diploma. Before embarking on her teaching career, Mrs. Avramson worked as an RN at the Hospital for Sick Children, and spent several years as a Community Health Nurse in Canada’s Arctic.